IoT-Enabled Humans in the Loop for Energy Management Systems: Promoting Building Occupants’ Participation in Optimizing Energy Consumption
The governments of various countries continue to be alarmed by the adverse environmental impact of fossil energy, which could result in additional pollution, polar glaciers further melting, and intensified natural disasters. Around the world, the consumption of fossil energy is a socioeconomic and sociopolitical calamity. However, remedies in such circumstances depend, to a great extent, on the availability of cleaner energy resources and governmental policies on energy pricing, consumption, and conservation. Consequently, corrective countermeasures and effective policies are essential to cope with energy production and consumption.
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Buildings consume more than 30% of the total primary energy expended worldwide and contribute to a third of the world?s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the United States, buildings consume more than 40% of the total energy and contribute almost 38% of GHG emissions. In addition, the buildings in the United States consume more than 75% of the electricity generated. The need to mitigate climate change is driving efforts to make U.S. electric power generation cleaner, and this provides new impetus for improving the operating efficiency of buildings at scale and increasing the hosting capacity of distributed renewable generation..
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